# VLOOKUP Function

Looks up a value and returns a corresponding value in the same row but from a different column.
Sample Usage
Syntax
VLOOKUP(
• search_value
• lookup_table
• column_num
• [
match_type
]
)
• search_value
The value to search for, which must be in the first column of lookup_table.
• lookup_table
The cell range in which to search, containing both the search_value (in the leftmost column) and the return value.
• column_num
A number representing the column position (in lookup_table) of the value to return, with the leftmost column of lookup_table at position 1.
• match_type
—[optional]
The default is true. Specifies whether to find an exact match (false) or an approximate match (true).
Usage Notes

Use a VLOOKUP formula to automatically bring in associated content based on criteria in your sheet. For example, bring in someone's role using their name as the criteria.

• You can use VLOOKUP to look up a value from a table in another sheet. For details on referencing cells from other sheets, see Formulas: Reference Data from Other Sheets.
• If VLOOKUP doesn't find a result, you'll receive a #NO MATCH error. Details on troubleshooting this can be found in the Formula Error Messages article.
• You'll receive a #NO MATCH error if there is not a number within the range that is greater than or equal to the search_value.
• If lookup_table is not sorted in ascending order by the first column, then VLOOKUP returns incorrect results.
• The search_value must be in the leftmost column (position 1) of lookup_table.
• To look up text strings, you must enclose the lookup value in quotation marks (for example, “Task E”).
• With the match_type argument:
• Set match_type to false if your lookup_table is not sorted.
• True (the default value) assumes that the range is sorted ascending and returns the nearest match that is less than or equal to ( <= ) search_value.
• False returns the first exact match.
• You can insert the column number into a formula to indicate which column you are retrieving the value from.

For example, the formula =VLOOKUP([Inventory Item]3, [Inventory Item]1:[Number of Items in Stock]4, 3, false) will return the value 4. The formula is written to retrieve a value from the third column (Number of Items in Stock) in the table below. Examples

This example references the following sheet information:

Clothing Item

Units Sold

Price Per Unit

In Stock?

Status

Assigned To

1

T-Shirt

78

\$15.00

true

Green

sally@domain.com

2

Pants

42

\$35.50

false

Red

tim@domain.com

3

Jacket

217

\$200.00

true

Yellow

corey@domain.com

Given the table above, here are some examples of using VLOOKUP in a sheet:

Formula

Description

Result

IF([In Stock?]1 = 1 (true), VLOOKUP("T-Shirt", [Clothing Item]1:Status3, 5))

Return the Status Color. If the “In Stock” column equals 1 (true) look up the value “T-Shirt” in the “Clothing Item” column and produce the value of the “Status Column”, (fourth column in the table).

Green

IF([In Stock?]2 = 0 (false), VLOOKUP([Row #]1, [Row #]1:[In Stock?]3, 2))

Return Item Out of Stock. If the “In Stock” column equals 0 (false) look up the value of Row 2 and produce the value of the Clothing Item, column 2

Pants

VLOOKUP("Jacket", [Clothing Item]1:[Price Per Unit]3, 3, false) * [Units Sold]3

Return total revenue. Look up the value “Jacket” in the “Clothing Item” column, if found, produce the value in the “Price Per Unit” column (\$200). Then multiple this by the “Units Sold” column value (217).

43400

VLOOKUP([Clothing Item]1, {Range on Reference Sheet}, 2, false)

Return the assigned to contact email. Look up the value in the “Clothing Item” column row 1 on the reference sheet, if found, produce, produce the value in the Assigned To column (column 2) on the reference sheet.

sally@domain.com

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